When it comes to Montreal cities or to any other Canadian cities, the Canadian 1867 Constitution Act is very clear about the exclusive responsibility of the provinces when it comes to municipal politics.
In short, the Quebec legislatures have power over municipal institutions as well as over licences for municipal revenue purposes.
In 1972, the Manitoba government merged Winnipeg to its suburbs. In 1953, the Ontario government created a new level of municipal government in Toronto as well as a single level of government in 1998.
A similar arrangement took place in Montreal in 2002 when the Parti Québécois forcibly merged all the cities on the Island of Montreal into one municipality. A decision that was partially reversed by the Parti Libéral du Québec in 2006.
In 2004 some of the former cities of the Island of Montreal voted to demerge from Ville de Montreal and to regain their municipal status. The demergers came into effect in 2006 and the previously independent municipalities regained most of their independence but not all the powers they once had.
Each of the 15 recreated cities of the Island Montreal now has its own City Council, but the Service de sécurité incendie de Montréal (SIM) is now in charge of protecting the entire Island of Montreal and so is the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal (SPVM).
Governments whether federal, provincial or municipal, are connected to almost everything we do. The three levels of our Canadian Government influence many if not all aspects of our lives.
On the one hand, the powers of the Cities on the Island of Montreal are delegated by the Quebec government. On the other, each of our municipal governments are responsible for the administration of each of the 16 cities on the Island of Montreal.
A first in North America and in force since January 1, 2006, the Montreal Charter of Rights and Responsibilities covers the main sectors of the municipal activity.
Activities such as democratic, economic, social and cultural life, recreation, physical activities and sports, environment and sustainable development, security and municipal services.
According to Affaires municipales et occupation du territoire, the Municipal Councils monitor the quality of life of each of their community and may decide the guidelines of the various aspects of the quality of life of their respective community.
Aspects that include economic development, urban development, drinking water supply, waste water treatment, community development, recreation and culture in each of the 16 cities of the Island of Montreal and 16 mayors.
Montreal Cities by Rachel Louise Barry