Montreal Island Kit

Montreal Island Kit is about the political system, the political organisation and the political terms of an island divided into 16 cities.

More precisely, Montreal Island Kit is about the City of Montreal and its 19 boroughs and 15 reconstituted cities. The Island of Montreal is officially called the Agglomeration de Montréal.

Montreal is an authentic island surrounded by three rivers, the Saint-Laurent River, the Rivière des Outaouais and the Rivière-des-Prairies. The island is also surrounded by 19 bridges and numerous smaller islands. 

Montreal Political Machine

In the Province of Quebec, municipal elections take place every 4 years on the 1st Sunday of November. 2013 was election year and 2017 will be our next election year. 

When our political machine will be on again, the residents of the City of Montreal will elect the members of the city council that is, the mayor of the City of Montreal who is also the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough, the city councilors, the borough mayors and the borough councilors. 

Our political machine also requires that the residents of each of the 15 reconstituted municipalities of the Island of Montreal elect a mayor for each city as well as a city councilor for each electoral district of each city. 

Montreal Political Geography

The mayor of the City of Montreal, who is also the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough is at the top level of the Montreal political geography. 

The mayor heads the City Council and controls the administrative, budgetary and legislative procedures of the municipality.

In political terms, the city services, public property, police and fire protection, most public agencies, and the enforcement of city and provincial laws are all under the responsibility of the mayor of the City of Montreal.

City Council & City Councilors

The City Council is democratically elected and is the final decision authority in Montreal.

The Montreal City Council is composed of 65 elected officials, the mayor of Montreal who is also the mayor of the  Ville-Marie borough, the 18 other borough mayors and the 46 local councilors.

The Charter of Ville de Montréal determines the jurisdiction of the Mayor of Montreal as well as the jurisdiction of the 65 elected officials of the City Council.

City councilors sit on both city council and their borough council and borough councilors only sit on their borough council. The city council oversees, standardizes and approves the decisions made by the borough councils.

Montreal Executive Committee

Montreal Island Kit is about the Montreal Executive Committee, the mayor of the City of Montreal and the 11 members of the City Council nominated by the mayor.

The Executive Committee reports directly to the City Council and has jurisdiction over the local services offered within the City limits and over the agglomeration services offered to the entire population of the Island of Montreal.

In political terms, the jurisdiction of the Executive Committee includes granting contracts and subsidies, managing human and financial resources and handling supplies and buildings.

The Executive Committee is also responsible for producing documents such as budgets, and bylaws and for submitting them to the City Council for approval.

Montreal Borough Councils

Montreal Island Kit is also about borough mayors and borough councilors who are elected democratically by the residents of each of the 19 boroughs of the City of Montreal.

Each borough has jurisdiction over specific public services and matters in accordance with the Charte de la Ville de Montréal.

Services that, according to our political organisation, include culture, financial management, fire prevention, housing, human resources, non-taxation fees, parks, recreation, roads, social and community development, urban planning and waste collection.

A borough council is composed of no fewer than five councilors, both borough and city councilors. The number of borough councilors and city councilors of each of the borough councils varies depending on the geography and the population of each borough.

City councilors sit on the city council and on their borough council. In total, 19 boroughs and 46 city councilors. Borough councilors only sit on their borough council. In total, 19 boroughs and 38 borough councilors. 

Montreal Agglomeration Council

The Agglomeration Council is composed of 31 elected officials who represent each of the 16 municipalities of the Island of Montreal. 

The Agglomeration Council is headed by the mayor of Montreal and is composed of 15 members of the City Council nominated by the mayor.

The agglomeration council also includes 14 mayors and one representative of the 15 reconstituted municipalities.

L'Île-Dorval and Dorval have one representative and an additional representative from Dollard-des-Ormeaux has been added because of the size of the geography and the population of the borough.

Montreal Political Terms

Montreal Island Kit is also about the Act respecting the exercise of certain powers in certain urban agglomerations that specifies the jurisdiction of the agglomeration over its territory. The Act defines the powers exercised by the agglomeration and those exercised by the reconstituted municipalities.

In political terms, the economic promotion, homelessness, management of streets and major roads, municipal court, nature parks, property assessment, public safety services, public transit, social housing, waste management and water supply and sewage treatment are all under the jurisdiction of the Montreal Agglomeration.

All the taxpayers of the Island of Montreal, regardless of their borough or city of residence, pay a common tax for shared services governed by the Agglomeration Council. Taxpayers in reconstituted cities receive a separate tax bill for their part of shared agglomeration services. 

Montreal Cities and Cities Councils

Finally, Montreal Island Kit is about the City Councils and city life in each of the 15 reconstituted cities where local mayors and local city councilors offer local services to the residents who live within their city limits. 

Montreal Island Kit by Rachel Louise Barry - 2016