Canada Montreal Quebec

Uniting Canada Montreal Quebec to the 27 independent municipalities of what was once called the Montreal Urban Community (MUC) to form one megacity was a dream once cherished by some of our municipal and provincal elected officials.

Jean Drapeau Mayor - 175x212Jean Drapeau

The City of Montreal shared the same idea and the same goal.

The idea of uniting the Island of Montreal, that is the City of Montreal and its cities and districts under one unique Canada Montreal Quebec was first proposed by Jean Drapeau, mayor of Montreal in the 1960s.

Mayor Drapeau (Parti civique) was very much in favour of such a merger but his proposition was strongly opposed by many residents and some elected officials.

Lucien Bouchard Prime Minister - 175x240Lucien Bouchard

In 2001, Lucien Bouchard of the Parti Quebecois (PQ) announced a plan to merge all the cities and districts of the Island of Montreal and to create one large municipality.

His plan was to merge the 28 municipalities of the Island of Montreal into one “mega-city” divided into 27 boroughs.

Pierre Bourque (Vision Montréal) endorsed the unsuccessful attempt proposed by Lucien Bouchard and, unfortunately, it cost him his 2001 election as mayor of Canada Montreal Quebec. 

The next year, in 2002, Bernard Landry of the Parti Québécois (PQ) forcibly merged all the cities on the Island of Montreal into one single municipality.

Montreal City Map

The Island of Montreal Map in 2001 - 550x453The Island of Montreal Map in 2001

A decision that was partially reversed by Jean Charest of the Parti Liberal du Quebec (PLQ) in 2006.

Pierre Bourque Mayor - 175x272Pierre Bourque

Nevertheless, in 2002 the entire Island of Montreal and several of its remote islands were merged into one megacity.

The former City of Montreal and a total of 27 suburbs were merged into several boroughs named after their former cities or districts.

During the same time, Gérald Tremblay (Union Montreal) and his administration decentralized the megacity by giving more power to the boroughs and to their respective mayors and other elected officials.

During the 2003 provincial elections, Jean Charest of the winning Parti Libéral Québécois (PLQ) promised to submit each borough and each merger to a referendum.

Canada Montreal Quebec Old Map

The Island of Montreal Map in 2002 - 550x473The Island of Montreal Map in 2002

In 2004 some of the former cities voted to demerge from the mega Canada Montreal Quebec and to regain their municipal status.

Bernard Landry Prime Minister - 175x240Bernard Landry

The demergers came into effect in 2006 and the previously independent municipalities regained most of their independence but not all the powers they once had.

Nowadays, the Island of Montreal is composed of 16 municipalities, that is the City of Montreal and 15 recreated cities.

Yet, the 15 independent cities of today do not have as many powers as they had before the merger in 2002.

Nowadays, the City of Montreal has the upper hand over the entire Island of Montreal and many municipal powers are now under the Montreal Agglomeration Council.

Political Map of Montreal

The Island of Montreal Map since 2006 - 550x456The Island of Montreal Map since 2006

The debate regarding a new municipal amalgamation or a new dissolution or the continuation of the Island of Montreal as it is today could resurface any day.

Jean Charest Prime Minister - 175x240Jean Charest

This part of today in history of the Montreal Island could repeat itself. "Une île, une ville", one island, one city could resurface at any moment although a substantial financial impact would definitely be required.

The possibility of merging boroughs and cities, of reducing the number of elected officials and of adjusting boundaries is still open to discussion by citizens and elected officials.

Some argue that the demerged cities are satisfied with their situation and that their finances are better managed while others believe that municipal mergers are a failure and that they have not resulted in any economies of scale. 

Gérald Tremblay Mayor - 175x204Gérald Tremblay

The possible reunification of Outremont and Le Plateau-Mont-Royal, of Anjou and Outremont, of Anjou and Rivière-des-Prairies-Pointe-aux-Trembles, of Anjou and Saint-Leonard, of Saint-Leonard and Montreal-Nord are often mentioned. 

Also mentioned is the potential merger of LaSalle and Lachine as well as the annexation of the western part of Rivière-des-Prairies-Pointe-aux-Trembles to Montreal-Nord to simplify service delivery.

Let's just say that the controversy is still present, that the debate is far from being over and that history could repeat itself.

Map of Montreal Today 

Greater Montreal - 550x479The Island of Montreal

Canada Montreal Quebec by Rachel Louise Barry