Montreal Electoral Profiles

The 19 Montreal Electoral Profiles offer an interesting series of electoral characteristics that describe the electoral geography of each of the electoral districts of the 19 Montreal boroughs.

According to the Directeur général des élections du Québec "The act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities (AERM) stipulates that municipal general elections shall beheld in all municipalities of Québec on the first Sunday of November, every four years."

A City of Montreal Council composed of:

  • the City Mayor, who is also the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough,
  • 18 Borough Mayors, who are also City Councillors,
  • 46 City Councillors.

The mayor of Montreal is elected democratically by the residents of the 19 Montreal boroughs and so are the Borough Mayors and the City Councillors who sit on both the City Council and their Borough Council.

Montreal City Information

City Council

AEL - Montreal City Hall - 550x371Montreal City Hall Conference System

According to the Charter of Ville de Montréal, the responsibilities of the City Council include:

  • Arterial system
  • Community development
  • Cultural development
  • Culture, recreation and parks
  • Economic development
  • Economic promotion
  • Environmental development
  • Land use planning and development
  • Municipal court
  • Police services
  • Recovery and recycling of residual materials
  • Road service and vehicle towing
  • Social development
  • Social housing
  • Transportation development
  • Water purification

The Montreal City Council also supervises and approves the decisions made by each of the Borough Councils while the Executive Committee (11 members and the mayor of Montreal) has jurisdiction over the local services offered within the city limits and over the entire Island of Montreal electoral profiles.

Borough Councils

Agglomeration Council - 550x413Agglomeration Council

Also according to the Charter of Ville de Montréal, each of the 19 Borough Councils, have local jurisdiction and power over the following specific matters: 

  • Culture
  • Financial management
  • Fire prevention
  • Housing
  • Human resources
  • Non-taxation fees
  • Parks
  • Recreation
  • Roads
  • Social and community development
  • Urban planning
  • Waste collection

Borough Councils are composed of at least five (5) Councillors. City Councillors sit on the City Council and on their Borough Council while Borough Councillors sit on their Borough Council only. A total of 46 City Councillors, 38 Borough Councillors and 58 Montreal electoral districts.

Montreal City Hall of Honor - 550x479Montreal City Hall of Honor

Agglomeration Council

The agglomeration Council is headed by the Mayor of Montreal, accompanied by 30 elected officials who represent the City of Montreal, its 19 boroughs and the 14 reconstituted cities of the Island of Montreal (l'Île-Dorval and Dorval count as one).

  • The mayor of the City of Montreal
  • 15 Montreal City Councillors
  • 14 mayors of the reconstituted cities (1 representative for Dorval and L'Ile of Dorval)
  • 1 additional representative for Dollard-des-Ormeaux (because of the size of its population)
Montreal City Hall - 550x728Montreal City Hall

The Act respecting the exercise of certain municipal powers in certain urban agglomeration stipulates the jurisdiction of the Agglomeration Council over the Montreal Agglomeration.

  • Economic promotion, including tourism, outside the territory of a related municipality
  • Help for the homeless
  • Management of streets and major thoroughfares
  • Municipal court 
  • Nature parks
  • Property assessment 
  • Public safety services – including police, fire fighters and 9-1-1 Public transit
  • Social housing 
  • Waste management, including disposal of waste materials and management of hazardous waste 
  • Water supply and sewage treatment, except for local networks

The taxpayers on the Island of Montreal - 19 boroughs and 15 reconstituted cities - regardless of their borough or city of residence, pay a common tax for the shared services administered by the Agglomeration Council according to each and every Montreal Electoral profiles.

Montreal Electoral Profiles by Rachel Louise Barry