A few years ago, I became interested in governance trends, that is in the acts of governing a country, a province or a city such as the City of Montreal.
Governance as in “the art of steering societies and organizations”.
According to the Canadian Institute of Governance "effective governance indicators ensure objectives are realized, resources are well managed, and the interests of stakeholders are protected and reflected in key decisions".
Management, on the other hand, refers to the directors and the managers who have the power and the responsibility to supervise a business enterprise.
Management also refers to the organization and the coordination of business activities as well as to the achievement of objectives that have been pre-established.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) uses nine (9) characteristics to describe good and poor governance.
The 9 principles of governance that appear in much of the literature are:
According to the UNPD, governance trends refer to the exercise of economic, political and administrative authority.
The Institute on Governance defines governance as a science and adds that governance indicators have three dimensions, authority, decision-making and accountability.
According to the IOG, the new modes of governance determine who has the power, who makes the decisions, how the players make their voice heard and how accounts are rendered.
Public governance needs to take into account legal and constitutional accountability and responsibilities while the basic tasks of business management should always include marketing and innovation.
Deloitte Canada uses eight (8) simple questions to summarize good business management.
The 8 questions are:
Business management requires expertise in areas such as production, marketing, finance, accounting, human resources, management of information systems and research and development.
According to HEC Montreal, the basic business management concepts are "planification, organisation, direction, contrôle" in French, "planning, organizing, directing, controlling" in English.
Planning means planning in advance, organizing means organizing human and material resources, directing means motivating and directing employees and controlling means implementing a plan and controlling its development.
The general idea is to explore and describe the Island of Montreal, learn about our municipal organizations, political bodies and elected officials and study important documents such as bylaws, budgets and auditors' reports.
The idea behind our governance trends is also to analyze the services offered within the city limits as well as those offered to the entire population of the Island of Montreal.
The more we know about the services provided by our Decision Makers, the more we take actions, the more we work towards a collaborative governance and the more we make sure our community is healthy, safe and secure.
Governance Trends by Rachel Louise Barry