Greater Montreal Economic Efficiency

Greater Montreal economic efficiency refers to the territory of the COMMUNAUTÉ MÉTROPOLITAINE DE MONTRÉAL (CMM), to its geographic and administrative regions and to its economic systems.

Greater Montreal is divided into five economic sectors and regions.

  • Montreal Agglomeration also called the Island of Montreal
  • Longueuil Agglomeration
  • Laval
  • North Shore
  • South Shore

The inner ring of Greater Montreal is composed of the Island of Montreal, Laval and Longueuil, the outer ring is composed of the North shore and the South shore of the Island of Montreal. 

Greater Montreal is the most populous Canadian metropolitan area after Greater Toronto. 

The mayor of the City of Montreal is also the president of the COMMUNAUTÉ MÉTROPOLITAINE DE MONTRÉAL (CMM) and its 82 municipalities. The CMM business is managed by the mayor and by a Board composed of 28 members.

The leadership of the mayor of the City of Montreal and of the 28 city mayors and city and borough councilors is essential to the development and the keeping of our economic advantages.

  • Abundance of research centres, colleges and universities
  • Interesting tax environment for businesses
  • Diversified economy within many industrial clusters
  • Efficient freight transportation hub
  • High quality of life
  • Low business operating costs
  • Mobilization within industrial clusters

CMM Economic Systems

Specific metropolitan economic sectors and their respective tasks and responsibilities are under the jurisdiction of the CMM, the COMMUNAUTÉ MÉTROPOLITAINE DE MONTRÉAL.  

The CMM Board has established five (5) standing Commissions. 

  • Land Use Commission
  • Environmental Commission
  • Economic Development, Metropolitan Facilities and Finance Commission
  • Social Housing Commission
  • Transport Commission

The CMM Board also established an Agricultural Advisory Committee composed of five of its members and five local agricultural producers.

Governance bodies such as the MMC, the MONTREAL METROPOLITAN COMMUNITY cover several public fields and basic economics problems and systems that vary greatly across various regions of the world.

Three regional economic sectors stand out as common fields. They are regional development, regional planning and regional transport.

All other worldwide society issues are significantly less common and are typically found only in certain countries. Those are energy, culture and leisure, sewerage, tourism, waste disposal and water provision.

MMC Economic Problems

In Montreal, and according to the Metropolitan Economic Development Plan, certain main economic problems identified must be strengthened before it can achieve any kind of economic efficiency.  

  • Deficient Transportation Infrastructure
  • Low Private Investment
  • Low Productivity
  • Low University Graduation Rate
  • Mismatch Between Workforce and Business Needs
  • Need for Industrial Space Development
  • Scattered International Positioning of Greater Montreal
  • Untapped Potential of the Creative Industries

The MMC, the MONTREAL METROPOLITAN COMMUNITY intends to focus on the strengths of our economic sectors, optimize our production factors, provide a metropolitan coherence and improve our economic efficiency.

Shared governance policy tends to focus on transparency, participation and economic efficiency but, ultimately, the

  • energy prices,
  • interest rates,
  • global economic situation,
  • value of the Canadian dollar,
  • reduction of budget deficits by governments,
  • adjustments made by companies facing strong foreign competition

are among the main factors that affect worldwide economic activities, including the economic activities of the Island of Montreal and of Greater Montreal.

Economic Efficiency of Greater Montreal

The Island of Montreal continues to be the favorite and regular travel destination of the residents of Greater Montreal, but the proportion is decreasing, especially when it comes to work travel and recreation travel. 

Only education travel is increasing since a growing number of young people choose higher education among the large variety of colleges and universities located in the City of Montreal and in some of its suburbs.

CMM Population by City

The CMM is one of the major North American metropolitan areas and Greater Montreal shares with them many characteristics and challenges.

The MMC derives most of its revenues from assessed contributions levied from the 82 cities or municipalities that form its territory.

The mission of the CMM is to ensure a greater consistency in planning and managing the development of its five regions and to make sure that all the constituent municipalities share a similar vision.

The population of the Island of Montreal shows a net increase of people originating from international immigration.

The population of the Island of Montreal also shows a negative inter-regional migration caused mainly by young families migrating to the suburbs. 

The Montérégie remains the preferred destination for Montrealers leaving the Island of Montréal, followed by Laval, Lanaudière and the Laurentians. 

Montreal Census Metropolitan Area

In some cases the data presented may apply to the Montreal CENSUS METROPOLITAN AREA (CMA) and to its Census Profile defined by Statistics Canada.

The territory of the CMA, in geographic and demographic terms is quite similar to that of the CMM and both are referred to as Greater Montreal.

The Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) 550x413The Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA)

The MMC, the MONTREAL METROPOLITAN is composed of 82 cities and the CMA, the  CENSUS METROPOLITAN AREA is composed of 91 municipalities.

The profiles of the MONTREAL METROPOLITAN COMMUNITY (MMC) include characteristics related to each of the 82 local municipalities of Greater Montreal.

The profiles of the MONTREAL CENSUS METROPOLITAN AREA (CMA) include characteristics about age, marital status, family characteristics, household and dwelling characteristics, mother tongue and many others.

According to Chief Statistician Wayne R. Smith The willing participation of Canadians has enabled Statistics Canada to achieve the best Census ever. We thank Canadians for making this 2016 census the best census since 1666.  

Release dates and release topics are now available under the 2016 Census Program release schedule.

Greater Montreal Economic Efficiency by Rachel Louise Barry